Java死锁典范以及怎么分析死锁

死锁是两个乃至 多个线程被永久梗塞时的一种运转 局势 ,这种局势 的生成伴跟着 至少两个线程和两个或者多个资源。在这里我已写好一个简略 的程序,它将会引起死锁方案然后我们就会了解 怎么 分析它。

Java死锁典范

ThreadDeadlock.java

package com.journaldev.threads; public class ThreadDeadlock { public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException { Object obj1 = new Object(); Object obj2 = new Object(); Object obj3 = new Object(); Thread t1 = new Thread(new SyncThread(obj1, obj2), "t1"); Thread t2 = new Thread(new SyncThread(obj2, obj3), "t2"); Thread t3 = new Thread(new SyncThread(obj3, obj1), "t3"); t1.start(); Thread.sleep(5000); t2.start(); Thread.sleep(5000); t3.start(); } } class SyncThread implements Runnable{ private Object obj1; private Object obj2; public SyncThread(Object o1, Object o2){ this.obj1=o1; this.obj2=o2; } @Override public void run() { String name = Thread.currentThread().getName(); System.out.println(name + " acquiring lock on "+obj1); synchronized (obj1) { System.out.println(name + " acquired lock on "+obj1); work(); System.out.println(name + " acquiring lock on "+obj2); synchronized (obj2) { System.out.println(name + " acquired lock on "+obj2); work(); } System.out.println(name + " released lock on "+obj2); } System.out.println(name + " released lock on "+obj1); System.out.println(name + " finished execution."); } private void work() { try { Thread.sleep(30000); } catch (InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } }

在上面的程序中同步线程正完成Runnable的接口,它工作的是两个对象,这两个对象向对方寻求死锁并且 都在使用同步梗塞。

在主函数中,我使用了三个为同步线程运转 的线程,并且 在其间 每一个 线程中都有一个可同享 的资源。

这些线程以向第一个对象获取封锁这种方式运转 。但是 当它试着像第二个对象获取封锁时,它就会进入等候 状态,因为它现已 被另外一 个线程封锁住了。这样,在线程引起死锁的过程中,就构成 了一个依赖于资源的循环。

当我执行上面的程序时,就发生 了输出,但是 程序却因为死锁无法停止。

t1 acquiring lock on java.lang.Object@6d9dd520 t1 acquired lock on java.lang.Object@6d9dd520 t2 acquiring lock on java.lang.Object@22aed3a5 t2 acquired lock on java.lang.Object@22aed3a5 t3 acquiring lock on java.lang.Object@218c2661 t3 acquired lock on java.lang.Object@218c2661 t1 acquiring lock on java.lang.Object@22aed3a5 t2 acquiring lock on java.lang.Object@218c2661 t3 acquiring lock on java.lang.Object@6d9dd520

在此我们可以清楚地在输出成绩中辨认出死锁局势 ,但是 在我们实践 日子 所用的应用中,发现死锁并将它扫除 是十分 难的。

分析死锁

为了分析一个死锁,我们需要注重 下应用中的Java线程转存,在上一节中我现已 解释了怎么 使用VisualVM收集资料或者jstack应用程序发生 线程转存。

以下就是上述程序的线程转存。

2012-12-27 19:08:34 Full thread dump Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (23.5-b02 mixed mode): "Attach Listener" daemon prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2814000 nid=0x4007 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000] java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE "DestroyJavaVM" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2801000 nid=0x1703 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000] java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE "t3" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a204b000 nid=0x4d07 waiting for monitor entry [0x000000015d971000] java.lang.Thread.State: BLOCKED (on object monitor) at com.journaldev.threads.SyncThread.run(ThreadDeadlock.java:41) - waiting to lock <0x000000013df2f658> (a java.lang.Object) - locked <0x000000013df2f678> (a java.lang.Object) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722) "t2" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a1073000 nid=0x4207 waiting for monitor entry [0x000000015d209000] java.lang.Thread.State: BLOCKED (on object monitor) at com.journaldev.threads.SyncThread.run(ThreadDeadlock.java:41) - waiting to lock <0x000000013df2f678> (a java.lang.Object) - locked <0x000000013df2f668> (a java.lang.Object) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722) "t1" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a1072000 nid=0x5503 waiting for monitor entry [0x000000015d86e000] java.lang.Thread.State: BLOCKED (on object monitor) at com.journaldev.threads.SyncThread.run(ThreadDeadlock.java:41) - waiting to lock <0x000000013df2f668> (a java.lang.Object) - locked <0x000000013df2f658> (a java.lang.Object) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722) "Service Thread" daemon prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a1038000 nid=0x5303 runnable [0x0000000000000000] java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE "C2 CompilerThread1" daemon prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a1037000 nid=0x5203 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000] java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE "C2 CompilerThread0" daemon prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a1016000 nid=0x5103 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000] java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE "Signal Dispatcher" daemon prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a4003000 nid=0x5003 runnable [0x0000000000000000] java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE "Finalizer" daemon prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a4800000 nid=0x3f03 in Object.wait() [0x000000015d0c0000] java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (on object monitor) at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method) - waiting on <0x000000013de75798> (a java.lang.ref.ReferenceQueue$Lock) at java.lang.ref.ReferenceQueue.remove(ReferenceQueue.java:135) - locked <0x000000013de75798> (a java.lang.ref.ReferenceQueue$Lock) at java.lang.ref.ReferenceQueue.remove(ReferenceQueue.java:151) at java.lang.ref.Finalizer$FinalizerThread.run(Finalizer.java:177) "Reference Handler" daemon prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a4002000 nid=0x3e03 in Object.wait() [0x000000015cfbd000] java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (on object monitor) at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method) - waiting on <0x000000013de75320> (a java.lang.ref.Reference$Lock) at java.lang.Object.wait(Object.java:503) at java.lang.ref.Reference$ReferenceHandler.run(Reference.java:133) - locked <0x000000013de75320> (a java.lang.ref.Reference$Lock) "VM Thread" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2049800 nid=0x3d03 runnable "GC task thread#0 (ParallelGC)" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a300d800 nid=0x3503 runnable "GC task thread#1 (ParallelGC)" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2001800 nid=0x3603 runnable "GC task thread#2 (ParallelGC)" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2003800 nid=0x3703 runnable "GC task thread#3 (ParallelGC)" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2004000 nid=0x3803 runnable "GC task thread#4 (ParallelGC)" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2005000 nid=0x3903 runnable "GC task thread#5 (ParallelGC)" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2005800 nid=0x3a03 runnable "GC task thread#6 (ParallelGC)" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2006000 nid=0x3b03 runnable "GC task thread#7 (ParallelGC)" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a2006800 nid=0x3c03 runnable "VM Periodic Task Thread" prio=5 tid=0x00007fb0a1015000 nid=0x5403 waiting on condition JNI global references: 114 Found one Java-level deadlock: ============================= "t3": waiting to lock monitor 0x00007fb0a1074b08 (object 0x000000013df2f658, a java.lang.Object), which is held by "t1" "t1": waiting to lock monitor 0x00007fb0a1010f08 (object 0x000000013df2f668, a java.lang.Object), which is held by "t2" "t2": waiting to lock monitor 0x00007fb0a1012360 (object 0x000000013df2f678, a java.lang.Object), which is held by "t3" Java stack information for the threads listed above: =================================================== "t3": at com.journaldev.threads.SyncThread.run(ThreadDeadlock.java:41) - waiting to lock <0x000000013df2f658> (a java.lang.Object) - locked <0x000000013df2f678> (a java.lang.Object) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722) "t1": at com.journaldev.threads.SyncThread.run(ThreadDeadlock.java:41) - waiting to lock <0x000000013df2f668> (a java.lang.Object) - locked <0x000000013df2f658> (a java.lang.Object) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722) "t2": at com.journaldev.threads.SyncThread.run(ThreadDeadlock.java:41) - waiting to lock <0x000000013df2f678> (a java.lang.Object) - locked <0x000000013df2f668> (a java.lang.Object) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:722) Found 1 deadlock.

这三个线程转存的输出清楚地说明了死锁环境和线程,以及包括 死锁环境的资源。

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